Last Updated on Tuesday, 30 August 2011 16:42
The origin of the Observatory of the Metropolises lies in the project, Avaliação da Conjuntura Social e do Desempenho das Políticas Públicas na Região Metropolitana do Rio de Janeiro - RMRJ [Evaluation of the Social Conjuncture and Performance of Public Policies in the Rio de Janeiro Metropolitan Region], financed by the World Bank / Prefeitura da Cidade do Rio de Janeiro (City Hall), whose objective was to analyse the transformations of the scenario of social deficiencies and inequalities in the RMRJ throughout the 80s. This project enabled the constitution of a partnership among the Instituto de Pesquisa e Planejamento Urbano e Regional da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro – IPPUR/UFRJ, the Programa de Urbanismo, also of the UFRJ and the non-governmental organization, Federação de Órgãos para a Assistência Social e Educacional – FASE. The central theme of this partnership was a systematic reflection on the new metropolitan challenges to the model of urban policy designed by the 1988 Federal Constitution and affirmed by the constitution of the Movimento Nacional da Reforma Urbana, in response to the economic transformations in the late 1980s.
In 1996, this project was broadened upon obtaining finance from FINEP – (Plano de Ação para a Área Social - FNDCT/FINEP/BID/880/OC-BR) whose objective was to evaluate the metropolitan impacts on Rio de Janeiro of the macroeconomic adjustment and productive restructuring. In 1997, it was transformed into the Núcleo de Excelência in the Programa de Apoio a Núcleos de Excelência (Edital nº 2 do PRONEX/CNPq), the occasion on which it expanded its scope of activity to incorporate the metropolises of São Paulo and Belo Horizonte into the Work Program. In partnership with FAFICH/UFMG, FAUUSP, NEPUR/ Deptº de Sociologia of PUC-SP, and with the support of Centre de Sociologie Urbaine (CSU), URBANDATA/Iuperj, IBGE and Fundação João Pinheiro, it developed a comparative research project aimed at the evaluation of the social, territorial and political impacts of the public policies for structural adjustment and productive restructuring. It commenced, therefore, by taking as reference the main metropolises that occupy the economic space, which, since the mid-70s, have been configuring a new polygon of concentrated productive activity, delimited by Belo Horizonte - Uberlândia - Londrina/Maringá - Porto Alegre - Florianópolis - São José dos Campos.